Read the following references to further clarify the central ideas of this lesson. Look in other places as well as these; this is not an exhaustive list of the resources needed to answer the questions.

Father Hardon’s Catholic Catechism

Pages 481-500 (Penance)

Father Hardon’s Question and Answer Catechism

#1318-1339 (Institution, Necessity and Forms)
#1340-1400 (Requirements of Penitent)
#1401-1417 (Indulgences)

Revised Basic Course Manual

Page 114 (Sacraments of the Living and Sacraments of the Dead)
Pages 155-171 (The Sacrament of Penance)


John 20:19-23

Catechism of the Catholic Church

#1440-1443 (Sin: an offense against God)
#1443-1445 (Reconciliation with the Church is inseparable from reconciliation with God.)
#1467, 2490 (Sacramental Seal)
#1451-1453 (Perfect and Imperfect Contrition)

Code of Canon Law (959-991)


Modern Catholic Dictionary Vocabulary –

Review the following terms in your Modern Catholic Dictionary reference book (or online version at – go to the bottom of the page, click on “Dictionary”). 
Purpose of Amendment
Seal of Confession

On Reconciliation and Penance(Reconciliatio Et Paenitentia),

Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation of Saint John Paul II,  2 December 1984.