Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried.

Read the following references to further clarify the central ideas of this lesson. Look in other places as well as these; this is not an exhaustive list of the resources needed to answer the questions.

Father Hardon’s Catholic Catechism

Pages 124, 1st paragraph
Pages 431-432 (Redemptive suffering)

Father Hardon’s Question and Answer Catechism

#261-278 (4th Article, Suffered under Pontius Pilate, crucified, died and was buried)

Revised Basic Course Manual

Pages 29-30 (Fourth Article)


Matthew 27:1-66
Mark 15:1-47
Luke 23:1-56
John 18:28-40; 19:1-42

Catechism of the Catholic Church

#595-598 (The Trial of Jesus)
#599-604 (Christ’s Redemptive Death in God’s Plan of Salvation)
#606-623 (Christ Offered Himself to His Father for Our Sins)

Modern Catholic Dictionary Vocabulary –

Review the following terms in your Modern Catholic Dictionary reference book (or online version at – go to the bottom of the page, click on “Dictionary”).

Moral Evil
Physical Evil

Listed in Advanced Course Manual:
Agony in the Garden
Pilate, Pontius
Stations of the Cross

The Treasury of Catholic Wisdom

by Father John A. Hardon, S.J., Saint Thomas Aquinas’ Exposition of the Apostles’ Creed, Fourth Article, pp. 269-273.

On the Christian Meaning of Human Suffering (Salvifici Doloris),

Apostolic Letter of Saint John Paul II, February 11, 1984. Especially the fifth chapter, “Sharers in the Suffering of Christ.”

Supplemental Vocabulary –

Read the following terms in the Supplemental Vocabulary Definitions.

Absolute Evil