Read the following references to further clarify the central ideas of this lesson. Look in other places as well as these; this is not an exhaustive list of the resources needed to answer the questions.

Article by His Eminence Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke

Father Hardon’s Catholic Catechism

Page 22, last paragraph
Pages 37-39
Page 212, paragraph 1(first full paragraph)
Pages 214-217 (Holiness in Purpose, Means, and Fruitfulness)
Page 229, paragraph 1
Pages 234-236 (Sacrament of Salvation)

Father Hardon’s Question and Answer Catechism

#341-436 (Holy Catholic Church)
#437-447 (Communion of Saints)
#1033-1035 (Holiness)

#356-362 (Explanation of the meaning of “unity of faith and communion” stated in Lumen Gentium)
#376-388 (Explanation of the handing-on of apostolic power by the Apostles)

Revised Basic Course Manual

Page 43-50 (Holy Catholic Church, Communion of Saints)
Page 146, paragraph 2
Page 192, paragraph 1


For Matching Section: Match Scripture passages by using a Bible Concordance (book or online concordance).

Matthew 16:17-19
John 21:15-17

Catechism of the Catholic Church (#748-975)

#156 (Faith and understanding)
#682 (Judging the living and the dead)
#771, 780 (The Church, visible and spiritual)
#774 (Universal Sacrament of Salvation)
#812, 816 (The Church is One)
#824-827 (The Church is Holy)
#846 (Outside the Church there is no salvation)
#1036 (Teachings on Hell)
#1396 (Fruits of Holy Communion)
#2012-2016 (Christian Holiness)

Code of Canon Law


Modern Catholic Dictionary Vocabulary –

Review the following terms in your Modern Catholic Dictionary reference book (or online version at – go to the bottom of the page, click on “Dictionary”).

Ex Cathedra
Fifteen Marks of the Church
Holiness, Moral
Holiness, Subjective
Judgment, Particular
Sacrament of Salvation

Listed in Advanced Course Manual:
Christian Church
Code of Canon Law
Doctor of the Church
Ecclesiastical Law
Episcopal Conference
Fathers of the Church
Lay Apostolate
Magisterium, Extraordinary
Magisterium, Ordinary
Marks of the Church
Mother of the Church
Mystical Body
Peter, Epistles of
Roman Catholicism
Roman Primacy
Roman See
University of the Faithful

The Treasury of Catholic Wisdom

by Father John A. Hardon, S.J., Saint Thomas Aquinas’ Exposition of the Apostles’ Creed, Ninth Article, pp. 287-290.

Second Vatican Council: 

Dogmatic Constitution on the Church(Lumen Gentium)Blessed Paul VI, November 21, 1964. Read #18

“18. For the nurturing and constant growth of the People of God, Christ the Lord instituted in His Church a variety of ministries, which work for the good of the whole body. For those ministers, who are endowed with sacred power, serve their brethren, so that all who are of the People of God, and therefore enjoy a true Christian dignity, working toward a common goal freely and in an orderly way, may arrive at salvation. This Sacred Council, following closely in the footsteps of the First Vatican Council, with that Council teaches and declares that Jesus Christ, the eternal Shepherd, established His holy Church, having sent forth the apostles as He Himself had been sent by the Father (cf. Jn. 20:21) and He willed that their successors, namely the bishops, should be shepherds in His Church even to the consummation of the world. And in order that the episcopate itself might be one and undivided, He placed Blessed Peter over the other apostles, and instituted in him a permanent and visible source and foundation of unity of faith and communion.(1*) And all this teaching about the institution, the perpetuity, the meaning and reason for the sacred primacy of the Roman Pontiff and of his infallible magisterium, this Sacred Council again proposes to be firmly believed by all the faithful. Continuing in that same undertaking, this Council is resolved to declare and proclaim before all men the doctrine concerning bishops, the successors of the apostles, who together with the successor of Peter, the Vicar of Christ,(2*) the visible Head of the whole Church, govern the house of the living God. (1*) Cfr. Conc. Vat. I, Sess. IV, Const. Dogm. Pastor aeternus. Denz. 1821 (3050 s.). (2*) Cfr. Conc. Flor., Decretum pro Graecis: Denz. 694 (1307) et Conc. Vat. I, ib.: Denz. 1826 (3059)

Pastoral Constitution On The Church In The Modern World (Gaudium Et Spes) Blessed Paul VI, December 7, 1965.

Supplemental Vocabulary –

Read the following terms in the Supplemental Vocabulary Definitions.

Dogmas and Doctrines